Thursday, 24 October 2013

Kitendawili katika Afrika ya Mashariki

Niliskia kuhusu kitendawili baada rafiki yangu aliniambia kwamba Raila Odinga alitumia kitendawili akienda kuongea na umma. Rafiki yangu alicheka kwa sababu Raila alitumia kitendawili kueleza kulikuwa wasiasa wabaya sana - wasiasa ambao ni tofauti kati ya ndani na nje, kama mayai. Kuongea juu ya wasiasa kama hawa, alitumia "kitendawili".

Kitendawili ni nini? Kamusi yangu inaeleza kwamba kitendawili ni "riddle" kwa Kiingereza. Lakini ni tofauti kidogo, sindiyo? Baadhi ya "riddles" ni hadithi ya ajabu; hadithi na fumbo. Nani aliua nani? Au, yeye alitoroka jengo lile vipi?

Kitendawili ni kitu flani zaidi. Kamusi ya Kiswahili inandika kwamba ni "ki-tenda-wili", kama kutenda mara mbili. Huu ni mfano:

Kitendawili: Nyumba yangu kubwa, haina taa.

Jibu: Kaburi.

Watu wana akili sana. Kwa hivyo tunaweza kuwaza na kupanga maneno kusema vitu tofauti kwa sauti moja. Kama hii tunatenda mara mbili.

Hii ni vizuri lakini pia kuna tatizo flani moja.

Kwenye uchaguzi ya Kenya, tumeumwa kwa "kusema kwa chuki" ("hate speech"). Hili ni tatizo kubwa tukitumia intaneti. Kupiga tatizo hili, siku hizi watu wanajaribu kufundisha kompyuta kutafuta maneno ya chuki kuwaambia polisi. Ni kusaidia kusimama mapigiano kati ya makabili tofauti. Kama tumeona, hii haitashinda kabisa kwa sababu desturi ya kitenda-wili ina janja zaidi...

Wednesday, 2 October 2013

Latest trust statistics for Africa

Afrobarometer, the most comprehensive survey of African citizens, has just released aggregated data for its 2010-2012 survey. Below is a map I have created to describe the trust differences between countries. Respondents were asked how much they trust their neighbours, and average results are split into a 10-point scale. Burundi came out as the most trusting country, and Botswana the least!







Total (all)
Algeria
Benin
Botswana
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cape Verde
Ghana

Not at all
14%
13%
24%
32%
8%
3%
17%
17%
Just a little
26%
28%
29%
32%
13%
7%
25%
31%
Somewhat
33%
37%
29%
25%
33%
34%
42%
29%
A lot
28%
22%
19%
12%
46%
57%
16%
22%
Trust index
5.87
5.60
4.80
3.93
7.23
8.20
5.23
5.17
Kenya
Lesotho
Liberia
Malawi
Mali
Mauritius
Mozamb-ique
Namibia

Not at all
6%
33%
22%
5%
4%
6%
15%
12%
Just a little
32%
21%
39%
10%
12%
23%
26%
22%
Somewhat
39%
21%
21%
27%
30%
49%
23%
36%
A lot
23%
24%
18%
58%
54%
22%
37%
30%
Trust index
5.97
4.50
4.50
7.93
7.80
6.23
6.10
6.13
Nigeria
Sierra Leone
South Africa
Togo
Uganda
Tanzania
Zambia
Zimbabwe

Not at all
27%
13%
14%
32%
8%
3%
15%
11%
Just a little
38%
35%
30%
19%
32%
14%
34%
29%
Somewhat
23%
30%
39%
28%
41%
46%
25%
37%
A lot
12%
22%
17%
20%
19%
37%
26%
23%
Trust index
4.00
5.37
5.30
4.50
5.70
7.23
5.40
5.73